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current

Current distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface

Description

example

current(object,frequency) calculates and plots the absolute value of the current on the surface of an antenna or array object, at a specified frequency.

example

i = current(object,frequency) returns the x, y, z components of the current on the surface of an antenna or array object, at a specified frequency.

[i,p] = current(object,frequency) returns the x, y, z components of the current on the surface of an antenna or array object, at a specified frequency and at the point in which the current calculation is performed.

example

current(object,frequency,'dielectric') calculates and plots the absolute value of current at a specified frequency value on the dielectric face of the antenna or array.

i = current(object,frequency,'dielectric') returns the x, y, z components of the current on the dielectric surface of an antenna or array object, at a specified frequency.

i = current(___,Name,Value) calculates the current on the surface of an antenna using additional name-value pairs.

Examples

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Calculate and plot the current distribution for a circular loop antenna at 70MHz frequency.

 h = loopCircular;
 current(h,70e6);

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title Current distribution contains 3 objects of type patch.

Calculate the current distribution of a default rectangular array at 70MHz frequency.

h = rectangularArray;
i = current(h,70e6)
i = 3×160 complex

   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i   0.0000 + 0.0000i
   0.0009 + 0.0020i   0.0013 + 0.0025i  -0.0002 - 0.0012i   0.0003 + 0.0014i   0.0005 + 0.0015i  -0.0005 - 0.0015i  -0.0013 - 0.0025i  -0.0010 - 0.0020i   0.0015 + 0.0028i  -0.0015 - 0.0028i  -0.0012 - 0.0023i   0.0011 + 0.0023i   0.0030 + 0.0052i  -0.0021 - 0.0035i   0.0017 + 0.0030i  -0.0017 - 0.0030i  -0.0007 - 0.0018i   0.0007 + 0.0017i  -0.0000 - 0.0041i   0.0000 + 0.0021i   0.0007 + 0.0017i  -0.0007 - 0.0018i   0.0005 + 0.0015i  -0.0005 - 0.0015i   0.0011 + 0.0022i   0.0003 + 0.0013i  -0.0009 - 0.0020i   0.0009 + 0.0020i  -0.0015 - 0.0027i   0.0016 + 0.0028i  -0.0002 - 0.0012i  -0.0011 - 0.0023i   0.0001 + 0.0021i  -0.0000 - 0.0041i  -0.0031 - 0.0052i   0.0021 + 0.0035i  -0.0017 - 0.0030i  -0.0013 - 0.0025i   0.0017 + 0.0030i   0.0014 + 0.0025i   0.0009 + 0.0020i   0.0013 + 0.0025i  -0.0002 - 0.0012i   0.0003 + 0.0013i   0.0005 + 0.0015i  -0.0005 - 0.0015i  -0.0013 - 0.0025i  -0.0009 - 0.0020i   0.0016 + 0.0028i  -0.0015 - 0.0028i
   0.0569 + 0.1044i   0.0434 + 0.0768i   0.0667 + 0.1338i   0.0656 + 0.1283i   0.0649 + 0.1254i   0.0629 + 0.1191i   0.0379 + 0.0663i   0.0530 + 0.0959i   0.0349 + 0.0607i   0.0284 + 0.0490i   0.0460 + 0.0818i   0.0508 + 0.0914i   0.0032 + 0.0054i   0.0139 + 0.0236i   0.0179 + 0.0304i   0.0250 + 0.0430i   0.0586 + 0.1083i   0.0616 + 0.1156i   0.0670 + 0.1426i   0.0670 + 0.1362i   0.0616 + 0.1158i   0.0586 + 0.1084i   0.0629 + 0.1192i   0.0650 + 0.1255i   0.0509 + 0.0915i   0.0657 + 0.1285i   0.0530 + 0.0960i   0.0569 + 0.1044i   0.0349 + 0.0608i   0.0286 + 0.0493i   0.0667 + 0.1338i   0.0461 + 0.0820i   0.0670 + 0.1362i   0.0670 + 0.1426i   0.0032 + 0.0055i   0.0140 + 0.0238i   0.0252 + 0.0432i   0.0379 + 0.0663i   0.0180 + 0.0306i   0.0435 + 0.0770i   0.0569 + 0.1044i   0.0434 + 0.0768i   0.0667 + 0.1338i   0.0656 + 0.1283i   0.0648 + 0.1254i   0.0628 + 0.1191i   0.0379 + 0.0663i   0.0530 + 0.0959i   0.0349 + 0.0607i   0.0284 + 0.0490i

Create a microstrip patch antenna using 'FR4' as the dielectric substrate.

d = dielectric('FR4');
pm = patchMicrostrip('Length',75e-3, 'Width',37e-3,                 ...
        'GroundPlaneLength',120e-3, 'GroundPlaneWidth',120e-3, ...
        'Substrate',d)
pm = 
  patchMicrostrip with properties:

               Length: 0.0750
                Width: 0.0370
               Height: 0.0060
            Substrate: [1x1 dielectric]
    GroundPlaneLength: 0.1200
     GroundPlaneWidth: 0.1200
    PatchCenterOffset: [0 0]
           FeedOffset: [-0.0187 0]
            Conductor: [1x1 metal]
                 Tilt: 0
             TiltAxis: [1 0 0]
                 Load: [1x1 lumpedElement]

show(pm)

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title patchMicrostrip antenna element contains 6 objects of type patch, surface. These objects represent PEC, feed, FR4.

Plot the current distribution on the antenna at a frequency of 1.67 GHz.

figure
current(pm,1.67e9,'dielectric')

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title Current distribution contains 2 objects of type patch.

Create a default pifa (planar inverted F antenna).

ant = pifa;

Visualize the current distribution on the pifa antenna in using log function scale.

current(ant,1.75e9,'scale','log')

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title Current distribution (log) contains 3 objects of type patch.

Input Arguments

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Antenna or array object, specified as a scalar.

Frequency to calculate current distribution, specified as a scalar in Hz.

Example: 70e6

Data Types: double

Name-Value Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: 'scale','log10'

Scale to visualize the current distribution on the surface of the antenna, specified as a string or a function. The string values are: 'linear', 'log', 'log10'. By default, the value is 'linear'. The function can be of any mathematical function such as log, log10, cos, or sin.

Data Types: char | function

Output Arguments

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x, y, z components of current distribution, returned as a 3-by-n complex matrix in A/m. The value of the current is calculated on every triangle mesh or every dielectric tetrahedron face on the surface of an antenna or array.

Cartesian coordinates representing the center of each triangle in the mesh, returned as a 3-by-n real matrix.

See Also

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Introduced in R2015a