Implements IEEE type AC4A excitation system model
Simscape / Electrical / Specialized Power Systems / Electrical Machines / Synchronous Machine Control
This block models an ac alternator connected to a thyristor rectifier to produce the field voltage Vf required by the Synchronous Machine block. A voltage regulator controls the thyristors and the excitation system stabilization is accomplished by a series lead-lag compensator.
This block is an adaptation of the AC4A excitation system of the IEEE® 421 standard, copyright IEEE 2005, all rights reserved.
The time constant Tr of the first-order system representing
the stator terminal voltage transducer. Default is
The gain Ka and time constant Ta of the first-order system representing
the main regulator. Default is
The voltage regulator input limits VImin and VImax, in p.u.
The voltage regulator output limits VRmin and VRmax, in p.u.
The time constants Tb and Tc of the first-order system representing
the lead-lag compensator. Default is
The gain Kc represents the rectifier loading factor proportional
to the commutating reactance. Default is
The initial values of terminal voltage Vt0 and field voltage
Efd0, both in p.u. Initial terminal voltage is normally set to 1 pu.
The Vt0 and Efd0 values can be determined using the Powergui Load
Flow tool. Default is
Specify a value greater than zero to discretize the block at
the given sample time. Set to -1 to inherit the simulation type and
sample time parameters of the Powergui block. Default
The reference value of the stator terminal voltage, in p.u.
The measured value in p.u. of the stator terminal voltage of the controlled Synchronous Machine block.
The measured value in p.u. of the stator field current of the controlled Synchronous Machine block.
Connect this input to a power system stabilizer to provide additional stabilization of power system oscillations. When you do not use this option, connect to a Simulink® ground block. The input is in p.u.
The field voltage to apply to the
of the controlled Synchronous Machine block. The output
is in p.u.
power_machines example contains a Configurable
Subsystem block that allows you to select between seven types
of excitation systems to control the terminal voltage of the Synchronous
Machine block. This configurable block refers to the
library that contains seven pretuned excitation system blocks that
fit simulation requirements for this example.
Right-click the EXCITATION configurable block, then select AC4A from the Block Choice menu to control the Synchronous Machine block using the AC4A Excitation System block.
 “IEEE Recommended Practice for Excitation System Models for Power System Stability Studies.” IEEE Standard, Vol. 421, No. 5, 2005 (Revision of IEEE 521.5-1992).