MATLAB Answers

Randomly convert exact number of 1 to 0 in binary matrix

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mnemonix
mnemonix on 22 May 2020
Commented: mnemonix on 23 May 2020
Hi.
I have binary matrix 3x3.
0 1 0
1 0 1
1 1 1
Let say, it includes six "1" values on random positions. I need to convert two "1" to "0", but randomly.
0 1 0
1 0 0
1 0 1
one of the possible outcomes.
Thank you for your help!

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Accepted Answer

per isakson
per isakson on 22 May 2020
Try
%%
x = [ 0 1 0
1 0 1
1 1 1];
%%
ix_one = find( x == 1 );
ix_set_zero = randi( numel(ix_one), 1,2 );
x( ix_one( ix_set_zero ) ) = 0

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mnemonix
mnemonix on 22 May 2020
Thank you very much for your useful and rapid answer. I really appreciate your help.
per isakson
per isakson on 23 May 2020
Thanks for accepting, however, there is a flaw in my answer. randi() may return two equal numbers, which leads to that only one 1 is replaced by 0.
>> randi( 6, 1,2 )
ans =
6 6
>>
>> m = 1:8;
>> m([6,6])=0
m =
1 2 3 4 5 0 7 8
>>
With or without replacement, the statement
ix_set_zero = randi( numel(ix_one), 1,2 );
needs to be replaced by
ix_set_zero = randperm( numel(ix_one), 2 );

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More Answers (1)

Stephen Cobeldick
Stephen Cobeldick on 22 May 2020
>> M = [0,1,0;1,0,1;1,1,1]
M =
0 1 0
1 0 1
1 1 1
>> X = find(M);
>> M(X(randperm(numel(X),2))) = 0
M =
0 0 0
1 0 1
1 1 0

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