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# fspl

Free space path loss

## Syntax

``L = fspl(R,lambda)``

## Description

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````L = fspl(R,lambda)` returns the free space path loss in decibels for a waveform with wavelength `lambda` propagated over a distance of `R` meters. The minimum value of `L` is zero, indicating no path loss.```

## Examples

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Calculate the free-space path loss (in dB) of a 10 GHz radar signal over a distance of 10 km.

```fc = 10.0e9; lambda = physconst('LightSpeed')/fc; R = 10e3; L = fspl(R,lambda)```
```L = 132.4478 ```

## Input Arguments

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Units are in meters.

Wavelength units are meters.

## Output Arguments

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When `lambda` is a scalar, `L` has the same dimensions as `R`.

## More About

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### Free Space Path Loss

The free-space path loss, L, in decibels is:

`$L=20{\mathrm{log}}_{10}\left(\frac{4\pi R}{\lambda }\right)$`

This formula assumes that the target is in the far-field of the transmitting element or array. In the near-field, the free-space path loss formula is not valid and can result in a loss smaller than 0 dB, equivalent to a signal gain. For this reason, the loss is set to 0 dB for range values R ≤ λ/4π.

 Proakis, J. Digital Communications. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.

## Support

#### Bridging Wireless Communications Design and Testing with MATLAB

Download white paper