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Plot nodes and edges in adjacency matrix



gplot(A,XYCoords) plots a graph of the nodes and edges defined in the adjacency matrix A at the coordinates specified in XYCoords. The adjacency matrix A is an n-by-n matrix, where n is the number of nodes. XYCoords is an n-by-2 matrix specifying xy-coordinates for each node.


gplot(A,XYCoords,LineSpec) additionally uses LineSpec to specify the line type, marker symbol, and color to use in the plot. For example, gplot(A,XY,'r-*') uses red lines for edges and red asterisks for nodes.

[x,y] = gplot(A,XYCoords) returns the NaN-delimited vectors x and y without generating a plot. Use x and y to generate a plot at a later time using plot(x,y).


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Plot half of the carbon-60 molecule, placing asterisks at each node.

k = 1:30;
[B,XY] = bucky;
gplot(B(k,k),XY(k,[1 2]),'-*')
axis square

Figure contains an axes object. The axes object contains an object of type line.

Input Arguments

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Adjacency matrix, specified as a matrix. A describes the connections between the nodes in the graph by the location of nonzero values. If node i and node j are connected, then A(i,j) or A(j,i) is nonzero; otherwise, A(i,j) and A(j,i) are zero.

Example: A = ones(5) is the adjacency matrix of a graph with five nodes where each node is connected to all the others.

Example: A = [0 1 1 1; 1 0 0 0; 1 0 0 0; 1 0 0 0] is the adjacency matrix of a graph with four nodes where one node connects to the other three.

Data Types: single | double

xy-coordinates of nodes, specified as an N-by-2 matrix. Each row in XYCoords defines the coordinates for one node in the graph, so XYCoords(i,:) = [x(i) y(i)] gives the coordinates for node i.

Example: XYCoords = [1 2; 3 4] plots one node at (1,2) and a second node at (3,4).

Line style, marker, and color, specified as a string or character vector containing symbols. The symbols can appear in any order. You do not need to specify all three characteristics (line style, marker, and color). For example, if you omit the line style and specify the marker, then the plot shows only the marker and no line.

Example: "--or" is a red dashed line with circle markers

Line StyleDescriptionResulting Line
"-"Solid line

Sample of solid line

"--"Dashed line

Sample of dashed line

":"Dotted line

Sample of dotted line

"-."Dash-dotted line

Sample of dash-dotted line, with alternating dashes and dots

MarkerDescriptionResulting Marker

Sample of circle marker

"+"Plus sign

Sample of plus sign marker


Sample of asterisk marker


Sample of point marker


Sample of cross marker

"_"Horizontal line

Sample of horizontal line marker

"|"Vertical line

Sample of vertical line marker


Sample of square marker


Sample of diamond line marker

"^"Upward-pointing triangle

Sample of upward-pointing triangle marker

"v"Downward-pointing triangle

Sample of downward-pointing triangle marker

">"Right-pointing triangle

Sample of right-pointing triangle marker

"<"Left-pointing triangle

Sample of left-pointing triangle marker


Sample of pentagram marker


Sample of hexagram marker

Color NameShort NameRGB TripletAppearance
"red""r"[1 0 0]

Sample of the color red

"green""g"[0 1 0]

Sample of the color green

"blue""b"[0 0 1]

Sample of the color blue

"cyan" "c"[0 1 1]

Sample of the color cyan

"magenta""m"[1 0 1]

Sample of the color magenta

"yellow""y"[1 1 0]

Sample of the color yellow

"black""k"[0 0 0]

Sample of the color black

"white""w"[1 1 1]

Sample of the color white

Output Arguments

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Node coordinates, returned as vectors. x and y contain the same information as XYCoords, but in a different format that is suitable for plotting with the command plot(x,y). The line segments defined in x and y are separated with NaN values.


  • Use graph and digraph objects to work with graph and network algorithms. You can visualize the networks with plot.

Version History

Introduced before R2006a