Finding and Extracting Instances from a Text File
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Nima on 15 Dec 2020
Commented: Nima on 16 Dec 2020
I have a large text file and I need to save all instances of string which comes after a key_name and are betwen specific characters.
For example, there are many instances of strings in the file - could be numebrs, characters, letters - with unknown length, but in the file they all appear after a known key_name phrase and are between known symbols. Example: key_name/':"/This_is_the_string"/
The format always repeat like this, and I want to search for like < key_name/':"/ > and then in an array store whatever comes after the searched phrase up to the next < "/ > character set. There is no space in the text file.
Thank you for your help
A sample text file is attched. So, I'd like the Matlab script returns an array saying "answer" with three value:
answer = [abc def3ghi JK]
Walter Roberson on 16 Dec 2020
Edited: Walter Roberson on 16 Dec 2020
Another approach is to use regexp with named tokens
S = fileread('sample_text.txt');
t = regexp(S, 'keyname/'':"(?<kn>[^"]*)', 'names')
This should return a struct array with field kn that holds one key each.
Subhadeep's use of regexp is fine for the exact task you laid out, but if you wanted to extend to the key names and corresponding value tag then named token approach is easier to extend.
More Answers (1)
Subhadeep Koley on 16 Dec 2020
Hi, the below code might help.
% Open the file
fid = fopen('sample_text.txt');
% Read the file by character
str = fread(fid, 'uint8=>char');
% Close the file
% Search <key_name/':"/> by regural expression matching
[~, endIdx] = regexpi(str', 'key_name/'':"/');
% Find values
result = "";
for ind = 1:length(endIdx)
temp = string(str(endIdx(ind):end)');
result(ind) = strtok(temp, '"/');
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