Compensate for carrier frequency offset for PAM, PSK, or QAM
The Coarse Frequency Compensator block compensates for a carrier frequency offset for BPSK, QPSK, OQPSK, 8-PSK, PAM, and QAM modulation schemes. The block accepts a single input signal. To obtain an estimate of the frequency offset in Hz, select the Estimated frequency offset output port check box. The block accepts a sample- or frame-based complex input signal and returns a complex output signal and a real frequency offset estimate. The output signal has the same dimensions as the input signal. The frequency offset estimate is a scalar.
Specify the modulation type as
The default setting is
Specify the frequency offset estimation algorithm as
Correlation-based. This parameter appears
when Modulation type of input signal is
The table shows the allowable combinations of the modulation type and the estimation algorithm.
|Modulation||FFT-Based Algorithm||Correlation-Based Algorithm|
Specify the frequency resolution in Hz as a positive real scalar. This
option is available when the
is used. The default setting is
Specify the number of samples per symbol as a positive integer scalar greater than or equal to 4. The default setting is 4.
Specify the maximum frequency offset in Hz as a positive real scalar. This
option is appears when you set Estimation algorithm to
Correlation-based. The default setting is
Select this check box to provide the estimated frequency offset to an output port. The default for this parameter is selected.
Select the simulation mode.
On the first model run, simulate and generate code for the block using only MATLAB® functions supported for code generation. If the structure of the block does not change, subsequent model runs do not regenerate the code.
If the simulation mode is
generation, System objects accept a maximum of
Simulate your model using all supported MATLAB functions. Choosing this option can slow simulation performance.
The default setting is
This block implements the algorithm, inputs, and outputs described on the
comm.CoarseFrequencyCompensator reference page. The object properties
correspond to the block parameters.
Correct for a frequency offset imposed on a noisy 8-PSK channel by using the Coarse Frequency Compensator block.
Open the dialog boxes to verify these parameter values:
Generator — Sample time
1e-4, which is equivalent to a 10 ksym/sec
Raised Cosine Transmit
Filter — Output samples per
AWGN Channel —
Signal to noise
ratio (SNR) and SNR (dB)
Offset — Frequency offset
Compensator — Estimation
and Frequency resolution (Hz) is
Run the model. The Spectrum Analyzer block shows both the frequency offset signal and the compensated signal. In addition, the Display (Simulink) block shows the estimate of the frequency offset. Observe that the spectrum plot shows that the Coarse Frequency Compensator correctly centers the signal around 0 Hz. Additionally, the display shows that the estimated frequency offset is 2000 Hz.
Adjust the parameters in the Phase/Frequency Offset and Coarse Frequency Compensator blocks and see their effect on frequency compensation performance.
|Port||Supported Data Types|
 Luise, M. and R. Regiannini. “Carrier recovery in all-digital modems for burst-mode transmissions.” IEEE® Transactions on Communications.Vol. 43, No. 2, 3, 4, Feb/Mar/April, 1995, pp. 1169–1178.
 Wang, Y., K. Shi, and E. Serpedi. “Non-Data-Aided Feedforward Carrier Frequency Offset Estimators for QAM Constellations: A Nonlinear Least-Squares Approach.” EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing. 2004:13, pp. 1993–2001.
 Nakagawa, T., M. Matsui, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, R. Kudo, M. Mizoguchi, and Y. Miyamoto. “Non-Data-Aided Wide-Range Frequency Offset Estimator for QAM Optical Coherent Receivers.” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2011 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference. March 2011, pp. 1–3.