# Sqrt

Implement control-signal-based square root function

Since R2020b

## Description

The Sqrt block performs the square root operation of the input data signal. The block has control signals that indicate whether the input and output data are valid. You can also specify the number of iterations of the algorithm and the latency strategy.

To use this block in your Simulink® model, open the `HDLMathLib` library by entering this command in the MATLAB® Command Window:

`open_system("HDLMathLib")`

### Latency Considerations

You can simulate the Sqrt block with latency. This block is a masked subsystem that contains the `LumpLatency` MATLAB Function block. The subsystem uses this MATLAB Function block to compute the latency based on the input and output data types. The software calculates the latency of the block using the word length and fractional length of fixed-point input and output.

The block supports three latency modes. You can specify a custom latency value by setting the Latency Strategy parameter to `Custom`.

To view the function that computes the latency of the block, open the `LumpLatency` block in the masked subsystem. To view inside the mask, click the ⇩ icon on the block. For more information, see Lump Latency for Square-root Block.

## Limitations

• The block does not support floating-point data types, such as `half`, `single`, and `double`.

## Ports

### Input

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Input signal to calculate the square root.

Data Types: `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64` | `Boolean` | `fixed point` | `bus`

Input control signal that indicates whether the input signal is valid.

Data Types: `Boolean`

### Output

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Output signal that is the square root of the input signal.

Data Types: `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64` | `Boolean` | `fixed point` | `bus`

Output control signal that indicates whether output signal is valid.

Data Types: `Boolean`

## Parameters

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Specify whether to map the blocks in your design to minimum, maximum, custom, or zero latency. For more information, see LatencyStrategy.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: `latencyMode` Type: character vector Values: `'Max'` | `'Min'` | `'Custom'` | `'Zero'` Default: `'Max'`

When you set Latency strategy to `Custom`, use this parameter to specify the custom latency value. The latency must be a nonnegative integer in the range [0, L], where L is the maximum latency value of Sqrt block. For more information, see CustomLatency.

#### Dependency

To use this parameter, set Latency strategy to `Custom`.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: `customLatencyValue` Type: Integer Values: ```0 to Max latency``` Default: `0`

Specify the output data type. The data type can be inherited or specified directly.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: `OutDataTypeStr` Type: character vector Values: ```'Inherit: Inherit via internal rule'``` | ```'Inherit: Inherit via back propagation'``` | `'Inherit: Same as first input'` | `'int8'` | `'uint8'` | `int16` | `'uint16'` | `'int32'` | `'uint32'` | `'int64'` | `'uint64'` | `fixdt(1,16,0)` | `''` Default: ```'Inherit: Same as first input'```

ActionReasons for Taking This ActionWhat Happens for OverflowsExample

Select this check box.

Your model has possible overflow, and you want explicit saturation protection in the generated code.

Overflows saturate to either the minimum or maximum value that the data type can represent.

The maximum value that the `int8` (signed, 8-bit integer) data type can represent is 127. Any block operation result greater than this maximum value causes overflow of the 8-bit integer. With the check box selected, the block output saturates at 127. Similarly, the block output saturates at a minimum output value of -128.

Do not select this check box.

You want to optimize efficiency of your generated code.

You want to avoid overspecifying how a block handles out-of-range signals. For more information, see Troubleshoot Signal Range Errors.

Overflows wrap to the value that is representable by the data type.

The maximum value that the `int8` (signed, 8-bit integer) data type can represent is 127. Any block operation result greater than this maximum value causes overflow of the 8-bit integer. With the check box cleared, the software interprets the overflow-causing value as `int8`, which can produce an unintended result. For example, a block result of 130 (binary 1000 0010) expressed as `int8`, is -126.

When you select this check box, saturation applies to every internal operation on the block, not just the output or result. Usually, the code generation process can detect when overflow is not possible. In this case, the code generator does not produce saturation code.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: `SaturateOnIntegerOverflow` Type: character vector Value: `'off'` | `'on'` Default: `'off'`

Specify the rounding mode for fixed-point operations. For more information, see Rounding.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: `RndMeth` Type: character vector Values: `'Zero' | 'Ceiling' | 'Floor' | 'Nearest' | 'Simplest'` Default: `'Zero'`

## Tips

The block supports HDL code generation using HDL Coder™. HDL Coder supports additional configuration options that affect HDL implementation and synthesized logic. For more information, see HDL Block Properties.

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## Version History

Introduced in R2020b