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P = pascal(n) returns a Pascal’s Matrix of order n. P is a symmetric positive definite matrix with integer entries taken from Pascal's triangle. The inverse of P has integer entries.

P = pascal(n,1) returns the lower triangular Cholesky factor (up to the signs of the columns) of the Pascal matrix. P is involutory, that is, it is its own inverse.

P = pascal(n,2) returns a transposed and permuted version of pascal(n,1). In this case, P is a cube root of the identity matrix.

P = pascal(___,classname) returns a matrix of class classname using any of the input argument combinations in previous syntaxes. classname can be 'single' or 'double'.


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Compute the fourth-order Pascal matrix.

A = pascal(4)
A = 4×4

     1     1     1     1
     1     2     3     4
     1     3     6    10
     1     4    10    20

Compute the lower triangular Cholesky factor of the third-order Pascal matrix, and verify it is involutory.

A = pascal(3,1)
A = 3×3

     1     0     0
     1    -1     0
     1    -2     1

ans = 3×3

     1     0     0
     1    -1     0
     1    -2     1

Input Arguments

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Matrix order, specified as a scalar, nonnegative integer.

Example: pascal(10)

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical | char

Matrix class, specified as either 'double' or 'single'.

Example: pascal(10,'single')

Data Types: char

More About

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Pascal’s Matrix

Pascal’s triangle is a triangle formed by rows of numbers. The first row has entry 1. Each succeeding row is formed by adding adjacent entries of the previous row, substituting a 0 where no adjacent entry exists. The pascal function forms Pascal’s matrix by selecting the portion of Pascal’s triangle that corresponds to the specified matrix dimensions, as outlined in the graphic. The matrix outlined corresponds to the MATLAB® command pascal(4).

Figure shows Pascal's Triangle with seven rows enumerated and a 4-by-4 block of values outlined, beginning at the top of the triangle.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Version History

Introduced before R2006a

See Also

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