# SVPWM Generator (2-Level)

Generate pulses for SVPWM-controlled two-level converter

**Libraries:**

Simscape /
Electrical /
Specialized Power Systems /
Power Electronics /
Power Electronics Control

## Description

The SVPWM Generator (2-Level) block generates pulses for three-phase two-level DC/AC converters using the space-vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) technique.

The converter switches are represented by the following equivalent circuit:

As shown in the following figure, the objective of the SVPWM technique is to
approximate the reference voltage vector (U_{ref}) instantaneously
by combining the switching states corresponding to the basic space vectors.

More precisely, for every PWM period, the reference vector U_{ref}
is averaged by using its two adjacent space vectors (U_{3} and
U_{4} in the figure) for a certain duration of time and a null
vector (U_{7} or U_{8}) for the rest of the
period.

Vector | Q1 | Q3 | Q5 |
---|---|---|---|

U_{1} | 1 | 0 | 0 |

U_{2} | 1 | 1 | 0 |

U_{3} | 0 | 1 | 0 |

U_{4} | 0 | 1 | 1 |

U_{5} | 0 | 0 | 1 |

U_{6} | 1 | 0 | 1 |

U_{7} | 0 | 0 | 0 |

U_{8} | 1 | 1 | 1 |

The block implements two symmetrical switching patterns [1]:

Pattern #1: With this pattern, known as Software-Determined, each PWM channel switches twice per every PWM period.

Pattern #2: With this pattern, known as Hardware-Determined, one PWM channel remains constant for the entire PWM period. Consequently, the number of switching times for this pattern is less than pattern #1. As a result, switching losses are reduced with Pattern #2.

### Characteristics

Sample Time | Specified in the Sample Time
parameterContinuous if Sample
Time = 0 |

Scalar Expansion | No |

Dimensionalized | No |

### Examples

The `power_SVPWMGenerator2Level`

model uses two simple circuits
to show how the SVPWM Generator (2-Level) works and to compare the two switching
pattern options. Run the simulation and open the FFT Analysis tool of the Powergui
block to see the harmonics and the THD value of the voltages produced by the two
converters.

The model sample time is parameterized by the Ts variable set to a default value
of 2e-6 s. Set Ts to 0 in the command window and change the **Simulation
type** parameter of the Powergui block to
`Continuous`

to simulate the model in continuous
mode.

## Ports

### Input

### Output

## Parameters

## References

[1] Yu, Z., *Application Report SPRA524, Space-Vector
PWM with TMS320C24x Using H/W & S/W Determined Switching Patterns*,
Texas Instruments, 1999.

## Extended Capabilities

## Version History

**Introduced in R2013a**