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Resume a Bayesian optimization



newresults = resume(results,Name,Value) resumes the optimization that produced results with additional options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments.


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This example shows how to resume a Bayesian optimization. The optimization is for a deterministic function known as Rosenbrock's function, which is a well-known test case for nonlinear optimization. The function has a global minimum value of 0 at the point [1,1].

Create two real variables bounded by -5 and 5.

x1 = optimizableVariable('x1',[-5,5]);
x2 = optimizableVariable('x2',[-5,5]);
vars = [x1,x2];

Create the objective function.

function f = rosenbrocks(x)

f = 100*(x.x2 - x.x1^2)^2 + (1 - x.x1)^2;

fun = @rosenbrocks;

For reproducibility, set the random seed, and set the acquisition function to 'expected-improvement-plus' in the optimization.

rng default
results = bayesopt(fun,vars,'Verbose',0,...

View the best point found and the best modeled objective.

ans =

  1x2 table

      x1        x2  
    ______    ______

    1.7902    3.2287

ans =


The best point is somewhat close to the optimum, but the function model is inaccurate. Resume the optimization for 30 more points (a total of 60 points), this time telling the optimizer that the objective function is deterministic.

newresults = resume(results,'IsObjectiveDeterministic',true,'MaxObjectiveEvaluations',30);
ans =

  1x2 table

      x1         x2   
    _______    _______

    0.96022    0.92508

ans =


The objective function model is much closer to the true function this time. The best point is closer to the true optimum.

Input Arguments

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Bayesian optimization results, specified as a BayesianOptimization object.

Name-Value Arguments

Specify optional pairs of arguments as Name1=Value1,...,NameN=ValueN, where Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name-value arguments must appear after other arguments, but the order of the pairs does not matter.

Before R2021a, use commas to separate each name and value, and enclose Name in quotes.

Example: resume(results,'MaxObjectiveEvaluations',60)

You can use any name-value pair accepted by bayesopt except for those beginning with Initial. See the bayesopt Input Arguments.


The MaxObjectiveEvaluations and MaxTime name-value pairs mean additional time or evaluations, above the numbers stored in results. So, for example, the default number of evaluations is 30 in addition to the original specification.

Additionally, you can use the following name-value pair.

Modify variable, specified as an OptimizableVariable object.

You can change only the following properties of a variable in an optimization.

  • Range of real or integer variables. For example,

    xvar = optimizableVariable('x',[-10,10]);
    % Modify the range:
    xvar.Range = [1,5];
  • Type between 'integer' and 'real'. For example,

    xvar.Type = 'integer';
  • Transform of real or integer variables between 'log' and 'none'. For example,

    xvar.Transform = 'log';

Output Arguments

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Optimization results, returned as a BayesianOptimization object.

Version History

Introduced in R2016b