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Generate Image Histogram

This example shows how to generate the histogram of an image using 2-D Histogram block. The model outputs a bar plot that shows the frequency of occurrence for pixels values in the input image.

Read an input image to the MATLAB workspace.

I = imread('cameraman.tif');

Find the maximum intensity value in the input image.

maxI = max(I(:));

Open the simulink model. The model reads the image stored in variable I from the MATLAB workspace. The Upper limit of histogram parameter of the 2-D Histogram block is set to the maximum value of the intensity image. The Number of Bins parameter of the 2-D Histogram block is set to 128 and the histogram is computed for the entire input.

modelname = 'ex_blkhistogram.slx';

The model outputs a time series that specifies the frequency of occurrence of pixels within each bin. Export the histogram values to MATLAB workspace and plot the histogram.

out = sim(modelname);
xlabel('Histogram Bins')