# Cropping images around the center of an image with a particular size

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Warid Islam on 14 Oct 2021
Commented: Warid Islam on 14 Oct 2021
Hi,
I have an image named FP00000s323d04u_01.png. The dimensions of the image is 512*512. I want to crop the image automatically around the center of the image while the dimensions of the final cropped image should be 224*224. The new.png is a cropping that I tried to perform. But the dimension of the image is 1920*936. I want to keep the dimensions to 224*224. Please find my code below. Any suggestions would be appreciated.
I=imread('FP00000s323d04u_01.png');
x_cent = 256;
y_cent = 256;
size_of_cropped_img = 224;
centroide = [x_cent y_cent];
imshow(I);
%I2 = imcrop(I,rect) crops the image I. rect is a four-element position vector of the
%form [xmin ymin width height] that specifies the size and position of the crop rectangle.
%imcrop returns the cropped image, I2.
xmin = x_cent-size_of_cropped_img/2;
ymin = y_cent-size_of_cropped_img/2;
I2 = imcrop(I,[xmin ymin size_of_cropped_img size_of_cropped_img]);
figure();
imshow(I2)
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### Accepted Answer

DGM on 14 Oct 2021
Edited: DGM on 14 Oct 2021
I don't know how you're getting that huge size. EDIT: I know why. I'll mention that at the end.
The code will return a 225x225 image if fed a 512x512 image. That's all down to how imcrop works. It'll often give you an image that's 1px wider than you might expect. The synopsis describes why it behaves that way. You could do something like this
I = imresize(imread('cameraman.tif'),[512 512]);
x_cent = 256;
y_cent = 256;
size_of_cropped_img = 224;
centroide = [x_cent y_cent]; % this isn't used
%I2 = imcrop(I,rect) crops the image I. rect is a four-element position vector of the
%form [xmin ymin width height] that specifies the size and position of the crop rectangle.
%imcrop returns the cropped image, I2.
xmin = x_cent-size_of_cropped_img/2;
ymin = y_cent-size_of_cropped_img/2;
I2 = imcrop(I,[xmin+1 ymin+1 size_of_cropped_img-1 size_of_cropped_img-1]);
size(I2)
ans = 1×2
224 224
Or you could just not use imcrop.
I = imresize(imread('cameraman.tif'),[512 512]);
sz = size(I);
sout = [224 224]; % [y x]
centroide = sz(1:2)/2; % this isn't used
pad = (sz(1:2) - sout)/2;
yrange = max(floor(pad(1))+1,1):min(floor(pad(1))+sout(1),sz(1));
xrange = max(floor(pad(2))+1,1):min(floor(pad(2))+sout(2),sz(2));
I2 = I(yrange,xrange);
size(I2)
ans = 1×2
224 224
The reason you're getting a giant useless image is because you're saving the figure, not the image. Figures are for display only. Saving an image by saving the figure to a raster format is equivalent to taking a screenshot. It's typically destructive, as the image is scaled for display using nearest-neighbor interpolation. So quality is degraded and there's no trivial control over output size (and there's usually a bunch of padding).
If you want to save the image, use imwrite.
imwrite(I2,'myfancyimage.png')
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Warid Islam on 14 Oct 2021
Hi @DGM,
Thank you for the update.

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### More Answers (1)

David Hill on 14 Oct 2021
I=imread('FP00000s323d04u_01.png');
i=I(144:367,144:367,:);
imshow(i);
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DGM on 14 Oct 2021
Edited: DGM on 14 Oct 2021
You're northwest by one pixel
Consider that if
padwidth = (512-224)/2
padwidth = 144
then the leading border occupies pixels in the range
[1 padwidth]
ans = 1×2
1 144
and the trailing border is
[512-padwidth+1 512]
ans = 1×2
369 512
so the image should occupy
[padwidth+1 padwidth+224]
ans = 1×2
145 368

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