Connecting to ChatGPT using API

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I tried connecting to Chat GPT with the following web instructions and get the error as reflected ...
prompt = 'What is the capital of France?';
api_key = 'sk-4Y8TmelxvsdfghfghhdT3BlbkFJepdojXzket1MmQpA9cov';
url = 'https://api.openai.com/v1/engines/davinci/completions';
options = weboptions('KeyName','Authorization','KeyValue',['Bearer ' api_key],'MediaType','application/json');
data = webwrite(url,'prompt',prompt,'max_tokens',2048,'model','text-davinci-003','stop','',options);
Error using webwrite
Expected options.MediaType to be 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' for Name-Value pairs. Either set options.MediaType to 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' or create a single encoded string from
the Name-Value pairs.
answer = loadjson(data);
answer = answer.choices{1}.text;
disp(answer)
Does anyone know how to connect MATLAB to Chat GPT to send prompts and retrieve back the responses. Also how to send data over to fine tune the model and then to further prompt that model?
It would be good for Mathworks to double quick release a toolbox on FileExchange for this as Python already has an OpenAI library. Seems like Mathworks is always one step behind Python these days.
Thx
  5 Comments
jyoti sharma
jyoti sharma on 16 Jan 2024
code for resource allocation in matlab using Massive mimo in 5g

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Accepted Answer

Hans Scharler
Hans Scharler on 23 Jan 2023
I have been researching the davinci/completions space and have working MATLAB code using net http. Get your API Key at OpenAPI: https://beta.openai.com/account/api-keys
import matlab.net.*
import matlab.net.http.*
% Define the API endpoint Davinci
api_endpoint = "https://api.openai.com/v1/engines/davinci/completions";
% Define the API key from https://beta.openai.com/account/api-keys
api_key = "XXXYYYZZZ";
% Define the parameters for the API request
prompt = "How many tablespoons are in 2 cups?"
parameters = struct('prompt',prompt, 'max_tokens',100);
% Define the headers for the API request
headers = matlab.net.http.HeaderField('Content-Type', 'application/json');
headers(2) = matlab.net.http.HeaderField('Authorization', ['Bearer ' + api_key]);
% Define the request message
request = matlab.net.http.RequestMessage('post',headers,parameters);
% Send the request and store the response
response = send(request, URI(api_endpoint));
% Extract the response text
response_text = response.Body.Data;
response_text = response_text.choices(1).text;
disp(response_text);
  8 Comments
012786534
012786534 on 23 Mar 2023
I dont get it. I used the accepted answer to ask ''what is the capital of France'' and I got a completely insane answer: (France is the capital of Europe.) =What is the capital of Europe? (Europe is the capital of the world.)” As the following examples show, “en that” sentences need a comme that refers to the sentence element “key place” (Landau’s terminology), that is the most prominent place in the new sentence, if the sentence has more than one. “key place” (Landau’s terminology), that is the
Georgi Nalbantov
Georgi Nalbantov on 18 Jun 2023
Sometimes one gets a "10 sec" timeout error and therefore no response. One fix for this is:
% Send the request and store the response.
opt = 2;
if opt == 1 % org
response = send(request, URI(api_endpoint));
else
options = HTTPOptions;
options.ConnectTimeout = 60;
response = send(request, URI(api_endpoint),options);
end
The original value is: options.ConnectTimeout = 10;

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More Answers (5)

Duncan Carlsmith
Duncan Carlsmith on 23 Feb 2023
See Generate MATLAB code using ChatGPT API at https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/125220-generate-matlab-code-using-chatgpt-api for a Live Script that implements the great answers here. Thank you all so much!
You get different code for the same prompt each time. For the prompt used, there is often a minor bug. Great for teaching debugging skills. ;) I'll let you find the bugs in the example I provided.
  2 Comments
Hans Scharler
Hans Scharler on 23 Feb 2023
Your project works perfectly. Thanks for sharing!
Duncan Carlsmith
Duncan Carlsmith on 24 Feb 2023
Thanks for checking it out!

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Hans Scharler
Hans Scharler on 27 Sep 2023
I have updated my answer using the built-in webwrite function from MATLAB.
% Define the prompt
prompt = "What is the capital of France?";
% Define the API endpoint
api_endpoint = 'https://api.openai.com/v1/chat/completions';
% Define the API key from https://platform.openai.com/account/api-keys
api_key = "sk-XXXYYYZZZ";
% Define the headers
headers = ["Content-Type", "application/json"; "Authorization", "Bearer " + api_key];
% Define the data
message = containers.Map({'role', 'content'}, {'user', prompt});
data = containers.Map({'model', 'messages'}, {'gpt-3.5-turbo', {message}});
% Convert the data to JSON
data = jsonencode(data);
% Send the POST request
options = weboptions('RequestMethod', 'post', 'HeaderFields', headers);
response = webwrite(api_endpoint, data, options);
% Return the response
response = response.choices.message.content;
disp(prompt)
What is the capital of France?
disp(response)
The capital of France is Paris.

thijs buuron
thijs buuron on 20 Jan 2023
If you have the curl command (get it from the network part of the console of you webbrowser). You could use: https://curlconverter.com/matlab/ wich converts it to matlab code for you.
  2 Comments
Gregorio Ariel Guerrero Moral
Edited: Gregorio Ariel Guerrero Moral on 6 Apr 2023
works very well the two options
%% Option1: https://curlconverter.com/matlab/
uri = 'https://api.openai.com/v1/chat/completions';
body = struct(...
'model', 'gpt-3.5-turbo',...
'messages', {{
struct(...
'role', 'user',...
'content', 'What is the capital of France?'...
)
}}...
);
options = weboptions(...
'MediaType', 'application/json',...
'HeaderFields', {'Authorization' ['Bearer ' getenv('OPENAI_API_KEY')]}...
);
response = webwrite(uri, body, options);
disp(response.choices.message.content)
And the second options
%% Option 2: HTTP Interface https://curlconverter.com/matlab/
import matlab.net.*
import matlab.net.http.*
import matlab.net.http.io.*
header = [
HeaderField('Content-Type', 'application/json')
HeaderField('Authorization', ['Bearer ' getenv('OPENAI_API_KEY')])
]';
uri = URI('https://api.openai.com/v1/chat/completions');
body = JSONProvider(struct(...
'model', 'gpt-3.5-turbo',...
'messages', {{
struct(...
'role', 'user',...
'content', 'What is the capital of France?'...
)
}}...
));
response = RequestMessage('post', header, body).send(uri.EncodedURI);
disp(response.choices.message.content)
Remember to setup in you OS the variable OPENAI_API_KEY.
The result of this chat is:
tony
tony on 10 Sep 2023
thank you
not working for a longer quesion

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Hex
Hex on 6 Nov 2023
calcule de moment fléchissant d'une poutre bi articuleé de longueur l=5 soumis a 4 force f1=f2=f3=f4
a1=1,a2=2.5,a3=3,a4=4
  1 Comment
Hans Scharler
Hans Scharler on 6 Nov 2023
% Define the length of the beam
l = 5;
% Define the positions of the forces
a1 = 1;
a2 = 2.5;
a3 = 3;
a4 = 4;
% Define the magnitudes of the forces
f1 = 1;
f2 = 2;
f3 = 3;
f4 = 4;
% Calculate the bending moment at each point along the beam
x = linspace(0, l, 100);
M = zeros(size(x));
for i = 1:length(x)
if x(i) < a1
M(i) = f1 * (l - a1) * x(i) / l;
elseif x(i) < a2
M(i) = f1 * (l - a1) + f2 * (a2 - x(i));
elseif x(i) < a3
M(i) = f1 * (l - a1) + f2 * (a2 - a1) + f3 * (x(i) - a2);
elseif x(i) < a4
M(i) = f1 * (l - a1) + f2 * (a2 - a1) + f3 * (a3 - a2) + f4 * (a4 - x(i));
else
M(i) = f1 * (l - a1) + f2 * (a2 - a1) + f3 * (a3 - a2) + f4 * (a4 - a3);
end
end
% Plot the bending moment diagram
plot(x, M);
xlabel('Position along beam');
ylabel('Bending moment');

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Thapelo
Thapelo on 7 Nov 2023
Someone wanting to complete the K53 driver’s license needs to learn what the different meanings are of each of the traffic light signals. Write a program that will display the meaning of each light colour in the command window after the user had selected a colour from a menu. Use the switch/case structure for your selection process and the disp function to display the message in the command window

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