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matlab vpasolve function not returning correct answer

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hi i have follow code:
clc
clear all
syms yn
b=3;
m=1;
S=0.001;
n=0.014;
Q=28;
A=(b+m*yn)*yn;
T=b+2*m*yn;
P=b+2*yn*sqrt(1+m^2);
R=A/P;
D=A/T;
Eq=Q==(A/n)*S^(0.5)*R^(2/3);
yn=vpasolve(Eq,yn)
matlb give me "yn=- 4.2710 + 2.1157*i " as a Mixed number but the true answer is "yn=2.128"
Why does Matlab say this answer?

Accepted Answer

Birdman
Birdman on 25 Jan 2018
The problem is about initial guess of your equation. vpasolve can not correctly find an initial point and therefore returns a wrong value. My suggestion would be take a look of the graph of the function. First, run the following code:
syms yn
b=3;
m=1;
S=0.001;
n=0.014;
Q=28;
A=(b+m*yn)*yn;
T=b+2*m*yn;
P=b+2*yn*sqrt(1+m^2);
R=A/P;
D=A/T;
fun=Q-(A./n).*S.^(0.5).*R.^(2/3);
plot(-20:0.1:20,subs(fun,yn,-20:0.1:20),-20:0.1:20,subs(fun,yn,-20:0.1:20)==0,'*')
When you check the plot for the input vector and when you zoom in the red line crosses the function, you will see that it crosses when yn has a value of 2.1 or around it. Therefore, you need to set your initial guess argument accordingly, so that you will have an accurate solution. After this step, run the following code and see the result.
yn=vpasolve(fun,yn,3)
I chose 3 as initial point in this situation.

More Answers (1)

Torsten
Torsten on 25 Jan 2018
Use
Eq=Q==(A/n)*S^(0.5)*(R^2)^(1/3);
instead of
Eq=Q==(A/n)*S^(0.5)*R^(2/3);
Best wishes
Torsten.
  5 Comments
Torsten
Torsten on 25 Jan 2018
-5.31 is a solution of your equation, but not the one you are looking for.
Setting an initial guess for the solution - like Birdman suggests - should help.
Or you could try to use
assume(yn>0)
Best wishes
Torsten.

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