Kernel density estimation for circular functions

version (4.12 KB) by Dylan Muir
Performs kernel density estimates over arbitrary periodic domains.


Updated Wed, 16 Aug 2017 14:57:15 +0000

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See also
circ_ksdensity - Compute a kernel density estimate over a periodic domain

Usage: [vfEstimate] = circ_ksdensity(vfObservations, vfPDFSamples, <vfDomain, fSigma, vfWeights>)

This function calculates a kernel density estimate of an (optionally weighted) data sample, over a periodic domain.

'vfObservations' is a set of observations made over a periodic domain, optionally defined by 'vfDomain': [fMin fMax]. The default domain is [0..2*pi]. 'vfPDFSamples' defines the sample points over which to perform the kernel density estimate, over the same domain as 'vfObservations'.

Weighted estimations can be performed by providing the optional argument 'vfWeights', where each element in 'vfWeights' corresponds to the matching element in 'vfObservations'.

The kernel density estimate will be performed using a wrapped Gaussian kernel, with a width estimated as
(4/3)^0.2 * circ_std(vfObservations, vfWeights) *(length(vfObservations^-0.2)

The optional argument 'fSigma' can be provided to set the width of the kernel.

'vfEstimate' will be a vector with a (weighted) estimate of the underlying distribution, with an entry for each element of 'vfPDFSamples'. If no weighting is supplied, the estimate will be scaled such that it forms a PDF estimate over the supplied sample domain, taking into account sample bin widths. If a weight vector is supplied then the estimate will be scaled such that the sum over the domain attempts to match the sum of weights, taking into account sample bin widths.

Cite As

Dylan Muir (2022). Kernel density estimation for circular functions (, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2010b
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux

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