how to call multiple binary images in for loop?

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i am doing black pixel count in 9 images , so i created a for loop to perform count on each image one after other , please help me how to call 9 images one after other

Answers (3)

AJ von Alt
AJ von Alt on 21 Jan 2014
Edited: AJ von Alt on 21 Jan 2014
A cell array would be your best bet. Read each image in and store it as an element of the cell array. You can then iterate through the array in a loop.
Here's a quick example:
% Read in images and store them in a cell array
imarray{1} = imread('trees.tif');
imarray{2} = imread('trees.tif');
imarray{3} = imread('trees.tif');
imarray{4} = imread('trees.tif');
imarray{5} = imread('trees.tif');
imarray{6} = imread('trees.tif');
for i = 1:6
% load each image and operate on it.
currImage = imarray{i};
% your code here

Amit on 21 Jan 2014
A = {'Image1.jpg','image2.jpg' ..... etc 'image9.jpg'}; % Store the names of all 9 image files.
for i = 1:9
B = imread(A{i});
_ Do you operation _

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 21 Jan 2014
See the FAQ for code samples: I don't think you need to create cell arrays to store the images, like the others suggested, unless you want to use them later for some reason.
myFolder = 'C:\Documents and Settings\yourUserName\My Documents\My Pictures';
if ~isdir(myFolder)
errorMessage = sprintf('Error: The following folder does not exist:\n%s', myFolder);
filePattern = fullfile(myFolder, '*.jpg');
jpegFiles = dir(filePattern);
for k = 1:length(jpegFiles)
baseFileName = jpegFiles(k).name;
fullFileName = fullfile(myFolder, baseFileName);
fprintf(1, 'Now reading %s\n', fullFileName);
imageArray = imread(fullFileName);
% Note, imageArray is not a cell array, and is not being saved after the loop ends.
imshow(imageArray); % Display image.
drawnow; % Force display to update immediately.
% Now binarize the image and count black pixels.
binaryImage = imageArray > thresholdValue; % which can be whatever value you want.
sumOfBlackPixels(k) = sum(~binaryImage(:));
Or, alternatively if you already have your 9 binary images (which is not very many), you can simply do it in 9 lines of code
sumOfBlackPixels(1) = sum(~binaryImage1(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(2) = sum(~binaryImage2(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(3) = sum(~binaryImage3(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(4) = sum(~binaryImage4(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(5) = sum(~binaryImage5(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(6) = sum(~binaryImage6(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(7) = sum(~binaryImage7(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(8) = sum(~binaryImage8(:));
sumOfBlackPixels(9) = sum(~binaryImage9(:));
nitesh patil
nitesh patil on 21 Jan 2014
is it possible to perform alternative method using for loop instead 9 lines of sum operation?
Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 21 Jan 2014
Do you already have the 9 images before the for loop would start? If so, then you can't unless you load them into a cell array first (like amit and AJ showed you) and then do the for loop, which seems like more lines of code and an unnecessary complication. If you have some variable number of images - not always 9 - then you'll have to read them in in a for loop like the FAQ code above. But like I said, I wouldn't bother with a for loop unless you needed the images in some code after the for loop has finished. But if you do all your processing in the for loop, then no cells are needed.
See the FAQ for a good discussion of cells:

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