# xlim not working in 'loop' plots..

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Cem Menlikli on 28 Jul 2022
Commented: Cem Menlikli on 28 Jul 2022
a=[1 2 3]; %input
for i =1 :1:3
b=a.*3;
c=a.*10;
end
subplot(1,4,1)
for i=1:3
plot(a,b);
end
xlim=([1 30])
subplot(1,4,2:4)
for i=1:3
plot(a,c);
end
xlim=([1 100])
##### 2 CommentsShowHide 1 older comment
Cem Menlikli on 28 Jul 2022
I really appreciate your tips. this is very helpful.. thought of simplifiying the code to explain the problem will help.. origonal code is a matrix eigenvalue problem and hence the multiplication.. was thinking it is something to do with indexed subplot function.. a good example when you are tird, you should stop and re-look at it next morning..

Jan on 28 Jul 2022
Edited: Jan on 28 Jul 2022
You do not call the function xlim() at all, but create a variable with the same name. Replace:
xlim=([1 100])
by
xlim([1 100])
without the = operator, which assigns a value to a variable.
The code contains several other problems:
a=[1 2 3]; %input
for i =1 :1:3
b=a.*3;
c=a.*10;
end
This executes the same assignments 3 times. The body of the loop does not depend on the loop counter, so you can omit the loop:
a = [1 2 3]; %input
b = a * 3;
c = a * 10;
Using the elementwise multiplication .* is not a problem here, but for multiplications with scalar the * operator is fine also.
subplot(1, 4, 1)
for i = 1:3
plot(a, b);
end
xlim([1 30]) % Without =, see above
This plots the same line 3 times. If there was no hold('on') command before, plot() removes all formerly drawn objext from the axes. So this is just a waste of time.
subplot(1, 4, 2:4)
for i = 1:3
plot(a, c);
end
xlim([1 100])
Same problem as above: The loop is useless.
Read the documentation of the for command again: for .
Note that there is a method, to define the XLimits using an assignment instead of a function:
AxesH = axes; % Or: AxesH = subplot(1, 4, 1), which replies the axes' handle also
AxesH.XLim = [1, 100];
Now XLim is not a variable, but a property of the Axes object.
Summary:
a = [1, 2, 3];
b = a * 3;
c = a * 10;
subplot(1, 4, 1);
plot(a, b);
xlim([1, 30]);
subplot(1, 4, 2:4);
plot(a, c);
xlim([1, 100]);
The readability of code is increased, if you insert spaces around operators. Writing vectors without separators saves some milliseconds during typing, but can cost hours for debugging. See:
[1 0]
[1+ 0]
[1 + 0]
[1 +0]
With commas as separators, the result does not not depend on blanks anymore and this is a good programming practice.

R2021a

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