Getting "Arrays have incompatible sizes for this operation." on this exercise

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Hello im trying to create a discrete time signal and im getting Arrays have incompatible sizes for this operation. Its something on z = [u1 - u2];. Any help or advice?
close all;
clear all;
clc;
clf;
AM = 19390128
AM = 19390128
k = mod(AM,5)
k = 3
t = mod(AM,4)
t = 0
n = -50:50;
u = [zeros(3 + k) ones(3 + k)];
u1 = [zeros(n + 2 + k) ones(n + 2 + k)];
u2 = [zeros(n - 2 - t) ones(n - 2 - t)];
delta = [1,zeros(n - t)];
x = times(6,delta);
y = [u - x];
z = [u1 - u2];
Error using -
Arrays have incompatible sizes for this operation.
stem(z);

Accepted Answer

Star Strider
Star Strider on 28 Nov 2022
The ‘z’ assignment fails because the arrays used to calculate it are empty, likely because the first 50 elements of ‘n’ are less than or equal to zero, an ‘n’ is being used to define ‘u1’ and ‘u2’. However replacing ‘n’ with numel(n) in those assignments still results in incompatible array sizes, at least in part because a single numeric argument to zeros and ones (and similar functions) results in a matrix —
AM = 19390128
AM = 19390128
k = mod(AM,5)
k = 3
t = mod(AM,4)
t = 0
n = -50:50;
Sz_n = size(n)
Sz_n = 1×2
1 101
n_pos = nnz(n>0)
n_pos = 50
u = [zeros(3 + k) ones(3 + k)];
SzU = size(u)
SzU = 1×2
6 12
u1 = [zeros(n + 2 + k) ones(n + 2 + k)]
u1 = 101-D empty double array
u2 = [zeros(n - 2 - t) ones(n - 2 - t)]
u2 = 101-D empty double array
u1 = [zeros(numel(n) + 2 + k) ones(numel(n) + 2 + k)] % Use: numel(n)
u1 = 106×212
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
u2 = [zeros(numel(n) - 2 - t) ones(numel(n) - 2 - t)] % Use: numel(n)
u2 = 99×198
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
delta = [1,zeros(n - t)];
x = times(6,delta);
y = [u - x];
z = [u1 - u2];
Arrays have incompatible sizes for this operation.
stem(z);
I leave that for you to resolve.
.

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