## MATRICES with customized sum for rows and columns

### MSH (view profile)

on 7 May 2015
Latest activity Commented on by Stephen Cobeldick

### Stephen Cobeldick (view profile)

on 21 May 2015

I want to create 4 matrices (6x10) with sums of rows and columns as following; in a single program/code.
mat1: sum_row1=sum_row2=......=sum_row6=r(say) sum_col1=sum_col2=......=sum_col6=c(say)&&&&&&& r=c
mat2: sum_row1=sum_row2=......=sum_row sum_col1≠sum_col2≠......≠sum_col6
mat3: sum_row1≠sum_row2≠......≠sum_row6 sum_col1=sum_col2=......=sum_col6
mat4: sum_row1≠sum_row2≠......≠sum_row6 sum_col1≠sum_col2≠......≠sum_col6
Kindly suggest some logic/program
Thanks

#### 1 Comment

Stephen Cobeldick

on 21 May 2015

### Products

on 7 May 2015

on 7 May 2015

To get mat1, you can use the magic function:
>> mat1=magic(4)
mat1 =
16 2 3 13
5 11 10 8
9 7 6 12
4 14 15 1
>> sum(mat1,1)
ans =
34 34 34 34
>> sum(mat1,2)
ans =
34
34
34
34
mat2, mat3 and mat4 are easy, for instance use randoms and normalize the columns/rows:
>> matrand=rand(4);
>> mat2=bsxfun(@rdivide,matrand,sum(matrand));
>> sum(mat2)
ans =
1 1 1 1
>> mat3=bsxfun(@rdivide,matrand,sum(matrand,2));
>> sum(mat3,2)
ans =
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
mat4=matrand;

MSH

### MSH (view profile)

on 7 May 2015
But magic() command generates only square matrix. How i can get rectangular matrix with magic()?
Regards

on 7 May 2015
Oh, sorry, I didn't read that you need 6x10 matrices. However I'm confident that in this case mat1 only exists if all the sums are zero. If this is fine with you, create the matrix with
>> matrand=randi(100,5,9);
>> mat1=[matrand -sum(matrand,2);-sum(matrand,1) sum(matrand(:))];
>> sum(mat1,1)
ans =
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
>> sum(mat1,2)
ans =
0
0
0
0
0
0
MSH

on 21 May 2015
THANKS