There is no known issue with parfor specific to any platform. Normally, this issue is seen when the number of workers is more than the number of physical cores available in the machine. What is the number of physical cores in your Windows and Linux machines? You can find this by executing the command "feature numcores" in MATLAB. Also, what is the number of workers you have set in MATLAB in both the machines? It would be easier for the community to help if you can provide a sample code.