How can I create 2D projections from a 3D object?

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Eric on 10 May 2016
Commented: Naveen Pathak on 30 Mar 2023 at 5:49
I know I can use "radon" for creating 1D projections from 2D, but how can I get 2D projections from 3D objects (such as from a 3D file like an STL file).

Answers (2)

Mike Garrity
Mike Garrity on 10 May 2016
One approach is the technique I showed in answers to this question, and this question.
The basic idea is that you take keep the faces of your geometry, but project the vertices onto the plane. That does mean that you've got multiple conincident polys, so it's not good for things like area computation. But if you just want the visual result, it works well and it's simple.

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Y.S. on 29 Mar 2023 at 7:02
2 methods I found that I want to place here for future reference:
[1] fast, but only works for convex shapes. Assuming you have a struct (fvIn) with vertices & faces
fvIn.vertices(:,3)=0; % squash all Z coords
verts = fvIn.vertices;
faces = fvIn.faces;
a = verts(faces(:, 2), :) - verts(faces(:, 1), :); % compute area of all triangles
b = verts(faces(:, 3), :) - verts(faces(:, 1), :);
c = cross(a, b, 2);
area2 = 1/2 * sum(sqrt(sum(c.^2, 2))); % Calculate total area, but this gives double the area because the shape is squashed
Ap = area2/2; %
[2] slow, but works for all shapes
Loop over all triangles, project them on the Z=0 plane, create a polyshape and combine(union) it with the other projected triangles
P = fvIn.vertices(fvIn.faces(1,:),1:2);
psSurfTot = polyshape(P);
for N = 2:size(fvIn.faces,1)
P = fvIn.vertices(fvIn.faces(N,:),1:2);
psSurfTMP = polyshape(P);
psSurfTot = union(psSurfTot,psSurfTMP);
% calculate projected area
Ap = area(psSurfTot);
I am still looking for a fast method that works for all shapes, but havent found any
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Naveen Pathak
Naveen Pathak on 30 Mar 2023 at 5:49
Thanks "Y.S." at least you showed a kind gesture.
Matlab people are worth-less to help.
However, I have already solved this problem few months ago :)

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