The issue may be due to a missing library file. Try checking your "$MATLABROOT\bin\win64\matlab_startup_plugins\lmgrimpl" directory to see if a "libmwlmgrimpl.dll" file exists.
If the file exists, make sure it is not 0KB or it will indicate a corrupt MATLAB installation. To resolve the issue, do a reinstallation of just MATLAB. Reinstallation of other toolboxes are not necessary.