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How to solve a system of equations?

Asked by Denis Stanescu on 27 Feb 2018
Latest activity Commented on by Walter Roberson
on 1 Mar 2018
I try to solve a non=linear equtions system, but it doesn't work. I missed something?
F=@(x)[sqrt((x(1)-5)^2 + x(2)^2 + x(3)^2 )-sqrt( x(1)^2 + (x(2)+10)^2 + x(3)^2) +0.34;
sqrt(x(1)^2 + (x(2)+10)^2 + x(3)^2 )-sqrt( x(1)^2 + (x(2)-10)^2 + x(3)^2);
sqrt( x(1)^2 + (x(2)-10)^2 + x(3)^2 )-sqrt( x(1)^2 + x(2)^2 + x(3)^2)];
x0=[50;0;0];
fsolve(F,x0)

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2 Answers

Answer by Alan Weiss
on 27 Feb 2018

You have an errant space just before "+0.34" that is confusing the parser. Try this:
F=@(x)[sqrt((x(1)-5)^2 + x(2)^2 + x(3)^2 )-sqrt( x(1)^2 + (x(2)+10)^2 + x(3)^2)+0.34;
sqrt(x(1)^2 + (x(2)+10)^2 + x(3)^2 )-sqrt( x(1)^2 + (x(2)-10)^2 + x(3)^2);
sqrt( x(1)^2 + (x(2)-10)^2 + x(3)^2 )-sqrt( x(1)^2 + x(2)^2 + x(3)^2)];
x0=[50;0;0];
fsolve(F,x0)
You might need to include some options or a better start point for a good answer.
Alan Weiss
MATLAB mathematical toolbox documentation

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when i do that, the solver tell me that there is no solution found, but what are the value from ans?Originally, there should have been the solutions, but if the system doesn't have solutions, what are they?
They are the value of the vector x at the time that fsolve figured out that the system could not be solved.

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Answer by Roger Stafford on 28 Feb 2018

To solve these you would have to satisfy both
x(1)^2 + (x(2)+10)^2 + x(3)^2 = x(1)^2 + (x(2)-10)^2 + x(3)^2
x(1)^2 + (x(2)-10)^2 + x(3)^2 = x(1)^2 + x(2)^2 + x(3)^2)
and since the x(1) and x(3) terms cancel would require simply
(x(2)+10)^2 = (x(2)-10)^2
(x(2)-10)^2 = x(2)^2
The first of these requires that x(2) = 0 while the second requires that x(2) = 5. These are mutually incompatible and therefore there are no simultaneous solutions to your equations. That is why "it doesn't work".

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when i do that, the solver tell me that there is no solution found, but what are the value from ans?Originally, there should have been the solutions, but if the system doesn't have solutions, what are they?

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