How to 'effectively' stop outputing signals from the subsystem when it is not triggered on or not enabled?

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Yanbo on 15 Aug 2012
Dear All,
I've built a system in Simulink,which tried to interprete binary signals of a certain pattern. A counter was set based on the sampling time, and at each moment when the signal changes from 0 to 1 or from 1 to 0, I'd like to record the counter of that moment, as well as the change characteristics (like rising or falling).
I used the 'trigger subsystems', but the problem is, the subsystem will always output something at each sampling point, even it's not a rising or falling signal that I'm interested. The settings for the triggered subsystem only allow to keep the output either held or reset to a random number.
How to get around this problem and let the triggered subsystem output something only when it's triggered?

Answers (2)

Albert Yam
Albert Yam on 15 Aug 2012
Off the top of my head, At the output of your subsystem (outside), put a switch block, with a known 'invalid' constant (NaN? or -1?) as the other input. The switch signal being the same as the 'enable'.
So if not enabled, you get an 'invalid' value.
Albert Yam
Albert Yam on 20 Aug 2012
"The switch signal being the same as the 'enable'." Does not mean to replace the enable, it means the signal going into the switch block, the trigger, should be the same signal used for the enable.
By 'invalid' I mean 'something that your code cannot normally produce', not something that will produce an error.
Since the Simulink signal produces an output at every step (as Kaustubha mentioned), if your output is a 1 or 0, then you can't tell if those values are calculated or held (not calculated), but if you see a NaN or -1 or 2, then you know that at that time step, the output is not from calculation.
With the switch block, those 'held' values are not sent out. They terminate at the switch. Enabled values (calculated) pass through the switch.

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Kaustubha Govind
Kaustubha Govind on 16 Aug 2012
Edited: Kaustubha Govind on 16 Aug 2012
There is no way to "stop" outputting signals from any block in Simulink. The Simulink Engine expects blocks to produce some output every time there is a sample-hit. However, you should be able to achieve what you need by having the output reset or to hold the last value and construct additional logic around that (for example, see Albert's answer).

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