# Error using sym/subsindex () while using the symsum function

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Salem Almahri on 24 Nov 2020
Edited: Stephan on 24 Nov 2020
Y = [-12.5j +12.5j 0 0 0 0 0 0;
+12.5j -16.649j +1.297j +1.815j +1.037j 0 0 0;
0 +1.297j 5.899+2.288j -5.899-5.984j 0 +2.399j 0 0;
0 +1.815j -5.899-5.984j 5.899+2.169j 0 0 +2j 0;
0 +1.037j 0 0 -3.537j 0 0 +2.5j;
0 0 +2.399j 0 0 -2.399j 0 0;
0 0 0 +2j 0 0 0.871-1.505j -0.871-0.495j;
0 0 0 0 +2.5j 0 -0.871-0.495j 0.871-2.005j];
V = [0 1+0.5j 1+0.5j 1+0.5j 1+0.5j 1+0.5j 1+0.5j 1+0.5j];
syms k
f = abs(V(4))*abs(V(k))*abs(Y(4,k))*sin(angle(Y(4,k))-angle(V(4)+V(k)));
E = subs (f, k, 0:7);
Q = sum(E);
I got the error in line(13), in the f equation, i dont know what is the reason for that, i tried several things and it still did not work, so if anyone know what is the problem exactly, and could help me, as i need to finish this as soon as possible

#### 1 Comment

Salem Almahri on 24 Nov 2020
Error using sym/subsindex (line 857)
Invalid indexing or function definition. Indexing must follow MATLAB indexing. Function arguments must be symbolic variables,
and function body must be sym expression.
This is the error i got

Walter Roberson on 24 Nov 2020
You can never use an unresolved symbolic variable as a subscript.
You must always use definite numeric or logical values for subscripts (though table() extends this, it still does not permit symbolic).
Define your numeric k and then have the expression that uses it, making sure that you have vectorized the expression.

### More Answers (1)

Stephan on 24 Nov 2020
Edited: Stephan on 24 Nov 2020
There are two possible ways in Matlab, that allow a syntax like
V(k)
The first is indexing with a variable like in a for loop:
> V = 5:10
V =
5 6 7 8 9 10
>> k = 3
k =
3
>> V(k)
ans =
7
The second one is using symbolic functions:
>> syms k
>> V(k) = 3*k + 1
V(k) =
3*k + 1
>> V(3)
ans =
10
What you do is mixing both possibilities, which is not allowed. So you have to rethink your code to what you want to do

Salem Almahri on 24 Nov 2020
Thank You for the reply, but what i mean by V(k), is the kth number of the V array, or V(4) is the 4th integer in the V array that i defined above, so if i can not do V(k) what should i use, since i want to itterate the value of V from the array and sum them.
Stephan on 24 Nov 2020
You define
syms k
and then use it to index an array V in the next line - this does not work.

R2020b

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