MATLAB Answers

How to set the grid of the right yyaxis?

107 views (last 30 days)
Albert Bing
Albert Bing on 1 Dec 2020
Edited: Star Strider on 1 Dec 2020
I have a figure that has 2 yyaxis, and I want the grid shown on the right yyaxis. But the command grid on is only effective on the left yyaxis.
Sure I can just plot the lines of the grids, but the lines are on the top of the other lines or patches. The good thing of the grid is that they are always on the bottom layer, while the lines user plotted are on the top layer.
x1=[200, 300, 250, 520, 340];
x2=[0.3, 0.2, 0.12, 0.4, 0.22];
figure;
yyaxis left
bar(x1);
yyaxis right
plot(x2);
grid on
The grid is on the left yyaxis, while I want it to be of the right yyaxis. What should I do?
  2 Comments
Albert Bing
Albert Bing on 1 Dec 2020
Thanks for the answer.
I checked the 2 solutions.
1. plotyy is not recommended since R2016a and it doesn't seem to apply to the bar command or patches.
2. yyaxis command gives the axes 2 YAxis but only one YGrid. And it always worked on the left yyaxis.

Sign in to comment.

Accepted Answer

Star Strider
Star Strider on 1 Dec 2020
Edited: Star Strider on 1 Dec 2020
Another option is to create new right-axis tick positions to match the tick positions on the left:
x1=[200, 300, 250, 520, 340];
x2=[0.3, 0.2, 0.12, 0.4, 0.22];
figure;
yyaxis left
bar(x1)
ytl = get(gca, 'YTick'); % Get Controlling Left Ticks
yyaxis('right');
plot(x2)
ytr = get(gca, 'YTick'); % Get Right Tick Values
ytrv = linspace(min(ytr), max(ytr), numel(ytl)); % Create New Right Tick Values Matching Number Of Left Ticks
ytrc = compose('%.2f',ytrv); % Tick Label Cell Array
set(gca, 'YTick',ytrv, 'YTickLabel',ytrc) % Set New Right Tick Labels
grid on
producing:
.
EDIT — (1 Dec 2020 at 17:48)
To get ticks and tick labels with more rational spacing:
x1=[200, 300, 250, 520, 340];
x2=[0.3, 0.2, 0.12, 0.4, 0.22];
figure;
yyaxis left
bar(x1)
ytl = get(gca, 'YTick'); % Get Controlling Left Ticks
yyaxis('right');
plot(x2)
ytr = get(gca, 'YTick'); % Get Right Tick Values
tinc = diff(ylim)/numel(ytl); % Tick Increment
ytrv = min(ylim):tinc:(tinc*(numel(ytl)+1));
ylim([min(ytrv) max(ytrv)]) % Set New ‘ylim’
ytrc = compose('%.2f',ytrv); % Tick Label Cell Array
set(gca, 'YTick',ytrv, 'YTickLabel',ytrc) % Set New Right Tick Labels
grid on
producing:
.
  3 Comments

Sign in to comment.

More Answers (1)

Adam Danz
Adam Danz on 1 Dec 2020
Edited: Adam Danz on 1 Dec 2020
As KALYAN ACHARJYA mentioned, the grid lines reference the left axis.
Workaround
Set the vertical grid lines
ax = gca();
ax.XGrid = 'on';
set the horizontal grid lines using yline after setting the ytick and ylim. If the ylim or yticks change, the horizontal reference lines will not update. You could add a listener to fix that. Also, the horizonal lines will always be on top. To put them on the bottom see this answer.
yyaxis right
ylim([-1,3])
ax.YTick = -1:.5:3;
yl = arrayfun(@(y)yline(ax, y,'LineStyle',ax.GridLineStyle,'Color',ax.GridColor,'Alpha',ax.GridAlpha),ax.YTick);
  7 Comments
Adam Danz
Adam Danz on 1 Dec 2020
You can use plot() or line() instead of yline(). The main difference is that yline will always extend to the axis edges but if xlim is changed then lines produced by plot() or line() may no longer extend to the axis edges. You could over-estimate the edges to mitigate that problem.
Example:
yyaxis right
ax = gca();
ax.XGrid = 'on';
ylim([-1,3])
xl = xlim();
xlExtended = xl + [-range(xl), range(xl)]; % Optional
ax.YTick = -1:.5:3;
hold(ax, 'on')
yl = plot(ax, xlExtended,[ax.YTick',ax.YTick'] ,'LineStyle',ax.GridLineStyle,'Color',[ax.GridColor, ax.GridAlpha],'Marker','none');
xlim(xl)

Sign in to comment.

Tags

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!