# Hi all I am trying to plot a second order BVP in MATLAB

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Michael Hughes on 11 Aug 2021
Commented: darova on 12 Aug 2021
Me and my friend are trying to plot the following BVP:
-(L)* ((d^2)y/d(x^2)) - 5*(dy/dx)/x + (a*y)/L + (c/(2*L))*(x^4)*(y^3) = 0
Assume L=6*10^-8, a=44 and c=45 (but all 3 letters can be any constant). y is a function with respect to x. The boundary conditions are y(0)=0 and y(1)=C. Where C is some constant.
Me and my friend have tried ODE45 and bvp4c but doesn't work because of (c/(2*L))*(x^4)*(y^3) and 5*(dy/dx)/x, which gives us the jacobien error.
The following below is the code we tried to use for bvp4c, we used 2 functions and one sript at the end:
Function 1:
function yprime = secondode2(x,y)
%SECONDODE: Computes the derivatives of y 1 and y 2,
%as a colum vector
a=44; %Temperature dependent bulk constant
c=45; %
L=6*10^-8; %Elastic constant in the one constant approximation (splay=twist=bend)
yprime = [y(2); c/(2*L)*x^4*y(1)^3 + a*y(1)/L - 5*y(2)/x];
end
Function 2, for boundary conditions:
function res = boundary_conditions1(ya,yb)
res = [ya(2)
yb(1) - 1/2];
end
Here is our sript:
guess = [1/2; 0];
xmesh = linspace(0,1,5);
solinit = bvpinit(xmesh, guess);
S = [0 0; 0 5];
options = bvpset('SingularTerm',S);
sol = bvp4c(@secondode2, @boundary_conditions1, solinit,options);
plot(sol.x,sol.y(1,:))
hold on
title('S(r) ODE')
xlabel('x');
ylabel('solution y');
Errors:
Error using bvp4c (line 248)
Unable to solve the collocation equations -- a singular Jacobian encountered.
Error in bvp_four_c (line 7)
sol = bvp4c(@secondode2, @boundary_conditions1, solinit,options);
Would you please be able to help us in this problem, because we have tried nearly everything?

darova on 11 Aug 2021
Here is the problem ##### 2 CommentsShow 1 older commentHide 1 older comment
darova on 12 Aug 2021
The problem is not linespace but starting point . Starting point can't be zero because there is division by x