Binary and Multi-class SVM

version (21 KB) by Karl Ezra Pilario
SVMs for classifying 2D data to 2 or more classes, with 3D/2D visualizations as output.


Updated Tue, 23 Apr 2019 09:33:31 +0000

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This code is intended to help visualize the learned classifier, when training nonlinear C-SVMs for classifying 2-dimensional data (2 features) to 2 or more classes. The case when C = Inf gives the hard margin classifier, while C < Inf gives the 1-norm soft margin classifier. (See Proposition 6.12 and Eq. (7.1) in Ref. [2])

MATLAB's quadprog is used to solve the dual variables, a. The solver is set to use the interior-point method. The Gaussian radial basis function (RBF) kernel is used to generate nonlinear boundaries.

In the Binary classification file (SVMtrial.m): There are 6 different training sets to play with. Outputs are the 3D mesh plot of the classifier and the number of support vectors.

Data sets for binary classification:

In the Multi-class classification file (DAGsvm.m): There are 5 different training sets to play with. Outputs are the 3D mesh plots of the K*(K-1)/2 classifiers, a plot of the training set, and a list of misclassified training samples. You can also have the code estimate the RBF kernel width, according to [4]. I have used the DAG-SVM algorithm from [3] for multi-class classification. The output mesh plots are, thus, arranged in a directed acyclic graph (DAG).

Data sets for multi-class classification:
(1) (3 classes) FISHER IRIS - PETALS
(2) (4 classes) FAN W/ 4 ARMS
(3) (6 classes) RANDOM CIRCLES
(4) (5 classes) SOUTHEAST ASIAN MAP
(5) (7 classes) RAINBOW

You can start by simply running either SVMtrial.m or DAGsvm.m. With these, the user can change certain data points or hyperparameters (kernel width and box constraint) and directly see the effects to the 3D manifold visually. I hope this is useful for educational purposes. This implementation was used in Ref. [5].


[1] Coursera - Machine Learning by Andrew Ng.
[2] Support Vector Machines, Cristianini & Shawe-Taylor, 2000
[3] Platt et al. Large Margin DAGs for Multiclass Classification, Advances in NIPS, 2000.
[4] Karatzoglou et al. Support Vector Machines in R, Journal of Statistical Software, 15(9), 2006.
[5] Eyo et al. "Development of a Real-time Objective Flow Regime Identifier using Kernel Methods", IEEE Trans. on Cybernetics, DOI 10.1109/TCYB.2019.2910257.

Cite As

Karl Ezra Pilario (2022). Binary and Multi-class SVM (, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2013b
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux

Inspired by: Red Blue Colormap, SVM

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