# Replace elements of matrix

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I have the folowing:

vector=[1 3 8 9];

matrix=[ 100 1 5 9 6; 100 10 13 3 8; 100 9 10 1 4; ];

% I want to search and replace the vector element with "0"in the matrix (i.e new matrix should be : Newmatrix=[ 100 0 5 0 6; 100 10 13 0 0; 100 0 10 0 4; ]; )

The script is:

Newmatrix=zeros(size(matrix));

for i=1:numel(matrix)

for j=1:length(vector)

valvect=vector(j);

if matrix(i)==valvect

Newmatrix(i)=0;

else

Newmatrix(i)=matrix(i);

end

end

end

The results is not the desired one but:

Newmatrix=100 1 5 0 6

100 10 13 3 8

100 0 10 1 4

So what I'm doing wrong?

Thank you

##### 1 Comment

Mike Lynch
on 24 Nov 2020

The accepted answer or changem are cleaner and more compact, but for the code you wrote the addition of a "break" should fix the problem.

if matrix(i)==valvect

Newmatrix(i)=0;

break

else ...

### Accepted Answer

Youssef Khmou
on 3 Mar 2013

hi, try ;

F=matrix;

for i=1:length(vector)

F(F==vector(i))=0;

end

##### 5 Comments

Walter Roberson
on 12 Apr 2019

If you use ismember() with two outputs, then the second output is the index at which the element in the first parameter appears in the second parameter. In places that the element does not occur, then the returned value will be 0 there. You can select just the valid indices by indexing the second output by the first output.

[is_it_there, idx] = ismember(A, B);

idx(is_it_there)

### More Answers (4)

Metin Ozturk
on 1 Aug 2018

The more vectorized and easier way to do this could be as follows:

new_matrix = changem(matrix,zeros(length(vector),1),vector);

##### 2 Comments

BJ Anderson
on 12 Mar 2019

A quick update on changem:

Sadly, if one inspects the actual code within changem, it functions as a loop. While it is a handy one-liner, it does not have the time-savings of moving from a looped function to an matrix-operation function.

Walter Roberson
on 3 Mar 2013

##### 0 Comments

Image Analyst
on 3 Mar 2013

Try it this way:

newMatrix = matrix % Initialize

for k = 1 : length(vector)

newMatrix(matrix==vector(k)) = 0

end

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