Trapezoidal Velocity Profile Trajectory

Generate trajectories though multiple waypoints using trapezoidal velocity profiles

  • Library:
  • Robotics System Toolbox / Utilities

Description

The Trapezoidal Velocity Profile Trajectory block generates a trajectory through a given set of waypoints that follow a trapezoidal velocity profile. The block outputs positions, velocities, and accelerations for a trajectory based on the given waypoints and velocity profile parameters.

Ports

Input

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Time point along trajectory, specified as a scalar or vector. In general, when specified as a scalar, this value is synced with simulation time and is used to specify the time point for sampling the trajectory. The block outputs a vector of the trajectory variables at that instant in time. If the time is specified as a vector, the block outputs a matrix with each column corresponding to each element of the vector.

Data Types: single | double

Positions of waypoints of the trajectory at given time points, specified as an n-by-p matrix, where n is the dimension of the trajectory and p is the number of waypoints.

Dependencies

To enable this input, set Waypoint source to External.

Peak velocity of the profile segment, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. This peak velocity is the highest velocity achieved during the trapezoidal velocity profile.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. Set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to Peak Velocity. Then, set Parameter source to External.

Data Types: single | double

Acceleration of the velocity profile, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. This acceleration defines the constant acceleration from zero velocity to the PeakVelocity value.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. Set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to Acceleration. Then, set Parameter source to External.

Data Types: single | double

Duration of trajectory segment, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to End Time. Then, set Parameter source to External.

Data Types: single | double

Duration of acceleration phase of velocity profile, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to Acceleration Time. Then, set Parameter source to External.

Data Types: single | double

Output

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Position of the trajectory, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. If you specify a scalar for the Time input with an n-dimensional trajectory, the output is a vector with n elements. If you specify a vector of m elements for the Time input, the output is an n-by-m matrix.

Data Types: single | double

Velocity of the trajectory, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. If you specify a scalar for the Time input with an n-dimensional trajectory, the output is a vector with n elements. If you specify a vector of m elements for the Time input, the output is an n-by-m matrix.

Data Types: single | double

Acceleration of the trajectory, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. If you specify a scalar for the Time input with an n-dimensional trajectory, the output is a vector with n elements. If you specify a vector of m elements for the Time input, the output is an n-by-m matrix.

Data Types: single | double

Parameters

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Specify External to specify the Waypoints and Time points parameters as block inputs instead of block parameters.

Positions of waypoints of the trajectory at given time points, specified as an n-by-p matrix, where n is the dimension of the trajectory and p is the number of waypoints.

Number of velocity profile parameters, specified as 0, 1, or 2. Increasing this value adds Parameter 1 and Parameter 2 for specifying parameters for the velocity profile.

Velocity profile parameter, specified as Peak Velocity, Accleration, End Time, or Acceleration Time. Setting this parameter creates a parameter in the mask with this value as its name.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2.

If Parameter Source is set to Internal, this parameter creates a parameter in the mask with this value as its name.

If Parameter Source is set to External, this parameter creates an input port based on this value.

Velocity profile parameter, specified as Peak Velocity, Accleration, End Time, or Acceleration Time. Setting this parameter creates a parameter in the mask with this value as its name.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 2.

If Parameter Source is set to Internal, this parameter creates a parameter in the mask with this value as its name.

If Parameter Source is set to External, this parameter creates an input port based on this value.

Specify External to specify the velocity profile parameters as block inputs instead of block parameters.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2.

Peak velocity of the profile segment, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. This peak velocity is the highest velocity achieved during the trapezoidal velocity profile.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. Then, set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to Peak Velocity.

Data Types: single | double

Acceleration of the velocity profile, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. This acceleration defines the constant acceleration from zero velocity to the PeakVelocity value.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. Then, set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to Acceleration.

Data Types: single | double

Duration of trajectory segment, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. Then, set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to End Time.

Data Types: single | double

Duration of acceleration phase of velocity profile, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix.

A scalar value is applied to all elements of the trajectory and between all waypoints. An n-element vector is applied to each element of the trajectory between all waypoints. An n-by-(p – 1) matrix is applied to each element of the trajectory for each waypoint.

Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set Number of parameters to 1 or 2. Then, set Parameter 1 or Parameter 2 to Acceleration Time.

Data Types: single | double

  • Interpreted execution — Simulate model using the MATLAB® interpreter. This option shortens startup time but has a slower simulation speed than Code generation. In this mode, you can debug the source code of the block.

  • Code generation — Simulate model using generated C code. The first time you run a simulation, Simulink® generates C code for the block. The C code is reused for subsequent simulations, as long as the model does not change. This option requires additional startup time, but the speed of the subsequent simulations is comparable to Interpreted execution.

Tunable: No

References

[1] Lynch, Kevin M., and Frank C. Park. Modern Robotics: Mechanics, Planning and Control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

[2] Spong, Mark W., Seth Hutchinson, and M. Vidyasagar. Robot Modeling and Control. John Wiley & Sons, 2006.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Introduced in R2019a