Create conical horn antenna
hornConical object creates a waveguide shaped like a
cone to direct radio waves in a beam. This type of horn is widely used as feed element
for large radio astronomy telescopes, satellite tracking, and communication
conical horn antenna with dimensions for an operating frequency of 7.58
ant = hornConical
sets properties using one or more name-value pairs. For example,
ant = hornConical(Name,Value)
ant = hornConical('Radius',1) creates a conical horn
antenna with a radius of 1 meter.
Radius — Radius of waveguide
0.0120 (default) | real-valued scalar
Radius of the waveguide, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.
ant.Radius = 0.760
WaveguideHeight — Height of waveguide
0.0300 (default) | real-valued scalar
Height of the waveguide, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.
ant.WaveguideHeight = 0.0340
FeedHeight — Height of feed
0.0075 (default) | real-valued scalar
Height of the feed, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.
ant.FeedHeight = 0.0085
FeedWidth — Width of feed
0.0030 (default) | real-valued scalar
Width of the feed, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.
ant.FeedWidth = 0.0200
FeedOffset — Signed distance along y-axis
0.0100 (default) | real-valued scalar
Signed distances along the y-axis, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.
ant.FeedOffset = 0.3627
ConeHeight — Height of cone
0.0348 (default) | real-valued scalar
Height of the cone, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.
ant.ConeHeight = 0.0540
ApertureRadius — Radius of cone aperture
0.0350 (default) | real-valued scalar
Radius of the cone aperture, specified as a real-valued scalar in meters.
ant.ApertureRadius = 0.0760
Conductor — Type of metal material
'PEC' (default) |
Type of the metal used as a conductor, specified as a metal material
object. You can choose any metal from the
MetalCatalog or specify a metal of your choice. For more
metal. For more information on metal conductor meshing, see
m = metal('Copper');
m = metal('Copper'); ant.Conductor =
Load — Lumped elements
lumpedElement] (default) | lumped element object
Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element
object. You can add a load anywhere on the surface of the antenna. By
default, the load is at the feed. For more information, see
lumpedelement is the object for the load created
Tilt — Tilt angle of antenna
0 (default) | scalar | vector
Tilt angle of the antenna, specified as a scalar or vector with each element unit in degrees. For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.
ant.Tilt = 90
'TiltAxis',[0 1 0;0 1 1]
tilts the antenna at 90 degrees about the two axes defined by the
wireStack antenna object
only accepts the dot method to change its properties.
TiltAxis — Tilt axis of antenna
[1 0 0] (default) | three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates | two three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates |
Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as:
Three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each coordinate in the vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the X-, Y-, and Z-axes.
Two points in space, each specified as three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates around the line joining the two points in space.
A string input describing simple rotations around one of the principal axes, 'X', 'Y', or 'Z'.
For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.
'TiltAxis',[0 1 0]
'TiltAxis',[0 0 0;0 1 0]
ant.TiltAxis = 'Z'
wireStack antenna object only accepts the dot method to change its
|Display antenna or array structure; display shape as filled patch|
|Axial ratio of antenna|
|Beamwidth of antenna|
|Charge distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface|
|Current distribution on metal or dielectric antenna or array surface|
|Design prototype antenna or arrays for resonance around specified frequency|
|Radiation efficiency of antenna|
|Electric and magnetic fields of antennas; Embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays|
|Input impedance of antenna; scan impedance of array|
|Mesh properties of metal or dielectric antenna or array structure|
|Change mesh mode of antenna structure|
|Optimize antenna or array using SADEA optimizer|
|Radiation pattern and phase of antenna or array; Embedded pattern of antenna element in array|
|Azimuth pattern of antenna or array|
|Elevation pattern of antenna or array|
|Calculate and plot radar cross section (RCS) of platform, antenna, or array|
|Return loss of antenna; scan return loss of array|
|Calculate S-parameter for antenna and antenna array objects|
|Voltage standing wave ratio of antenna|
Default Conical Horn and Radiation Pattern
Create and view a default conical horn antenna.
ant = hornConical
ant = hornConical with properties: Radius: 0.0120 WaveguideHeight: 0.0300 FeedHeight: 0.0075 FeedWidth: 0.0030 FeedOffset: 0.0100 ConeHeight: 0.0348 ApertureRadius: 0.0350 Conductor: [1x1 metal] Tilt: 0 TiltAxis: [1 0 0] Load: [1x1 lumpedElement]
Plot the radiation pattern of the antenna at 7.58 GHz.
Impedance and S-Parameters of Custom Conical Horn Antenna
Create a conical horn antenna with the following dimensions.
ant=hornConical('Radius',35.71e-3,'WaveguideHeight',200e-3,... 'Feedwidth',26e-3,'FeedHeight',34.71e-3,'FeedOffset',42.42e-3,... 'ConeHeight',130e-3,'ApertureRadius',62.5e-3); show(ant);
Plot the s-parameters and the impedance of the antenna.
 Jadhav, Rohini.P, Vinithkurnar Javnrakash Dongre, Arunkumar Heddallikar. "Design of X-Band Conical Horn Antenna Using Coaxial Feed and Improved Design Technique for Bandwidth Enhancement." In International Conference on Computing, Communication, Control, and Automation (ICCUBEA), 1-6. Pune, India: ICCUBEA 2017